Estimating Bolt Diameters

according to VDI 2230 guidelines

LOAD IN NNominal Dia. In mm
Strength Grade
12.910.98.8
250---
400---
630---
1000---
1600333
2500334
4000445
6300455
10000568
16000688
2500081010
40000101214
63000121416
100000161620
160000202024
250000242730
4000003036-
63000036--

A. Select the lowest load from column 1 which is higher than the working load FA. ( FA = Axial Force; a calculated working load in the bolt axis or the components of a given calculated working load) acting on the bolted joints.            

B. The required minimum initial clamp load FMmin (FMmin = Minimum initial clamp load established at FMmax as a result of lack of precision in the tightening technique) is determined by increasing this column 1 load by further  

4 steps for static or dynamic transferse loads.

 

 

 

 

2 steps for dynamic or eccentrically applied loads

 

2 steps for tightening the bolt using a simple tightening spindle which has been set by the retightening torque.

 

 

 

1 step for dynamic and concentrically applied or static  and eccentrically applied working loads

 

1 step for tighting using a torque wrench or precision spindle adjusted and controlled by means of dynamic torque measurement or elongation measurement of the bolt.

 

 

 

 

0 steps for static and concentrically applied axial loads

 

0  steps for tightening by means of angle control in the plastic range or by means of computer controlled yeild load monitoring

 

 

 

 

C. The required maximum initial clamping load FMmax is determined by increasing this load FMmin by:  

2 steps for tightening the bolt using a simple tightening spindle which has been set by the retightening torque, or 

1 step for tighting using a torque wrench or precision spindle adjusted and controlled by means of dynamic torque measurement or elongation measurement of the bolt, or      

0 steps for tightening by means of angle control in the plastic range or by means of computer controlled yeild load monitoring.      

D. Next to the number found, columns 2 to 4 give the required bolt dimensions in mm for the selected bolt strength grade.

Example

A joint is Dynamically and Eccentrically loaded by the axial load FA = 8500N. A bolt strength grade 12.9 is to be assembled using a torque wrench.       

A. 10,000N is the next largest load to FA in column 1      

B. 2 steps for eccentric and dynamic axial loading give FMmin = 25,000N      

C. 1 step for tightening using a torque wrench gives FMmax = 40,000N      

D. For FMmax = 40,000N, we find in column 2 (Strength Grade 12.9 ) ; M10

Note: Due to the fact that fastening applications differ greatly, the above information is for guidance only and is correct to the best of our knowledge. The customer must satisfy themselves with the performance of the fastener and validity of the data. TR Fastenings will not be held responsible for any failure that may occur from the use of this information.